This post is inspired by a recent visit to France.
France is a marvellous country, and I had a really fantastic time in the Pyrenees – but for a country which prides itself on its cuisine, breakfast is really hopeless – and not at all good for cycling.
We stayed in a typical French Gite, very nice owners, but what do you get served up for breakfast?
- A small croissant, white bread, butter and jam. Coffee. (breakfast was not even on a plate, just on the table. very French)
This is the worst possible breakfast for a cyclist. It is just high GI glucose which will raise your blood sugar levels, and then when you start cycling, the blood sugar will drop off. Eating French bread is nutritionally similar to eating a plate of jelly beans.
Let us look at the GI Index of some different breakfast possibilities.
- Low GI less than 55
- Medium 55-70
- High 70+
Generally, unprocessed foods – food with fibre will have a low GI index.
List of foods
- French baguette, white – 95
- Whole wheat bread, average – 71
- 100% Whole Grain bread (Natural Ovens) – 51
- Oatmeal, average – 55
- Instant oatmeal, average – 83
- Mashed potato – 81
- Old fashioned porridge – 51
- Fat free milk – 32
- Muesli average – 66
- Honey – 61
- Banana, ripe – 62
- Apple – 39
- Raisins – 64
- Raspberry – 26
- Brown rice, average – 50
- lentils – 29
- Dates – 100
GI index of foods can vary. You will see slightly different measures depending on where you look, but it is interesting. (GI Index)
- Firstly GI index is a measurement of how foods effect our blood sugar levels. Some foods like white bread will have an immediate effect on the blood sugar levels in our body. These have a high GI index.
- Other foods, with the same amount of total carbohydrates, will have a lower and more sustained impact on blood sugar levels. These have a low GI index.
Advantage of low GI breakfast
- Sustained energy release throughout the day.
- Avoid spikes and troughs in blood sugar levels.
- Avoid the feeling of hunger when blood sugar drops.
- You will feel fuller for longer – helping to avoid overconsumption of carbohydrates. Fibrous foods help you to feel full for longer. Highly processed carbohydrates make it easier to pile on the calories.
- High GI foods can be addictive – to meet sugar crashes, you later want a donut, a few hours after breakfast.
- Low GI foods, high in fibre are good for other aspects of health, such as colon cancer.
Good cycling breakfasts
Porridge – with milk / soya milk. Porridge made with rolled oats, will give sustained energy over time. You can sprinkle some fruits like grated apple, blueberries e.t.c on top for some natural low GI sugars.
Muesli (no added sugar varieties) – similar to porridge, oats, wheat flakes, barley e.t.c. With nuts and fruits. This is slightly higher GI than porridge, but is a tasty way to start the day. I mix my own muesli with a higher proportion of big oat flakes to get lower GI.
Some multi-grain bread – If you fancy some slices of bread, choose multi-grain, wholemeal.
Protein bars / protein drinks. Sometimes on the way to a race, when you want a snack, I go for a protein bar / protein drink, as this is a way to get a moderate GI index.
Pasta? When I started cycling 20 years ago, the super cycling food was pasta. I thought the best thing for breakfast would be to eat cold pasta. I stopped this a long time ago. Pasta from wheat is a little harder to digest. You don’t want to overwork your stomach in the morning.
French breakfast. It should be noted that the French breakfast was not the end of the world, I still managed a five hour cycle ride, without noticing much difference, but next time you visit the continent – don’t forget your supply of oats – That’s my top tip for the day.